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The Ainu Bear Festival
Takashi Irimoto(煎本 孝)著

判型: B5変形 上製
頁数: 302
ISBN: 978-4-8329-0368-5
Cコード: C3039
発行日:2014
定価: 12,960円 (本体価格12,000円+税)

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●本書の特徴

The Ainu Bear Festival
Takashi Irimoto,Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Hokkaido University
The Ainu bear festival is part of the cult of bears, or more precisely, part of the respect paid to them, and is found extensively in the Northern Hemisphere. From the viewpoint of northern studies, it is positioned as an extension of circumpolar cultural studies, which were a product of attempts in the 19th and 20th centuries to connect reindeer hunters in the Upper Paleolithic of France and Arctic Eskimos. Although there have been separate descriptions of the event on the Ainu bear festival, no anthropological studies comparing, analyzing and integrating them have been carried out.
This book is based on a new anthropological paradigm known as shizenshi, the anthropology of nature and culture, which is a systematic description of human activities, as a theoretical framework to present and analyze the bear festival as an activity system with ecological, biological, social and religious aspects. The methodology used stems from the organization and analysis of various materials including old records, other historical documents and Ainu pictures from between the early 18th and early 20th centuries, ethnological documents centered on materials from between the 1920s and the 1950s, film recordings of the bear festival, photographic evidence, and the data based on author’s current fieldwork.
The book first analyzes Ainu bear hunting along with its symbolic meaning, and clarifies the Ainu’s behavioral strategy in hunting within a broad framework based on an understanding of the relationship between the ecology of the Ainu and their view of the world, then summarizes the forms and details of the Ainu bear festival in terms of the temporal sequence of related activities. It clarifies regional differences in the nature of the bear festival and the significance of the bear festival from an anthropological viewpoint, and discusses reciprocity and behavioral strategy in hunting, social ranking and egalitarianism, trade and wealth redistribution, and the festival along with the concept of original oneness. Then, it analyzes related historical variations, and the origins and dynamics of the bear festival are clarified. It also details and analyzes the current revival of the bear festival based on the results of related fieldwork. This book highlights the Ainu bear festival’s nature as a dynamic system that has helped to shape Ainu culture itself while responding to the ecology and society of each period, and outlines how the event has changed dynamically while contributing to the staging and revitalization of the Ainu world.

アイヌの熊祭りは北半球に広く見られる熊崇拝(bear cult)、より正確にいえばクマに対する尊敬、の一環であり、北方研究という視点からは19世紀から20世紀における、フランスの後期旧石器時代の狩猟民と北極のエスキモーとを結びつけようとした試みの産物である周極文化研究の延長線上に位置づけられる研究課題である。しかし、現在までにアイヌの熊祭りに関する個々の記述はあっても、それらを時間的、空間的に比較、分析、統合するという人類学的研究はいまだなかった。
したがって、本稿では人間活動の体系的記載と分析である自然誌―自然と文化の人類学―という新しい人類学的パラダイムを理論的枠組とし、アイヌの熊祭りを生態、生物、社会、宗教という局面を持つ活動系―クマ送り儀礼を中軸にしながら象徴的活動を通してアイヌ世界を演出、活性化する動態系としての祭りの場―と捉え、熊祭りの地域的差異、時代的変異、意味に関する再検討を行い、さらに、文化人類学・民族学的視点から見たアイヌ文化の起源と展開を明らかにし、これらの学術的成果を公刊するという目的がある。
 このことにより従来埋もれていた未発表資料、旧記、絵画、映像等の民族学(文化人類学・民俗学)的資料を、新たな視点から再整理、再分析し、学界、一般に広く提供し、さらに、現代のフィールドワークによる資料等を加え、アイヌ文化の客観的、学術的理解を可能とするという意義がある。
●版元から

豊富な資料から地域的・時代的変異を分析
●目次

Preface
Chapter 1 Ainu Bear Hunting
Chapter 2 Ritual Processes of the Ainu Bear Festival
Chapter 3 Regional Differences in the Bear Festival
Chapter 4 Significance of the Bear Festival
Chapter 5 Historical Variations in the Bear Festival
Chapter 6 Origins and Dynamics of the Bear Festival
Chapter 7 Revival of the Bear Festival
Chapter 8 Conclusion
Postscript
Bibliography
●著者紹介

煎本 孝(イリモト タカシ)



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